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Other Names: Popple
Strength and mechanical properties
Where it Grows Commercially in the Northeast. Average tree height
is 40 to 60 feet. The aspen has a short life span: just before reaching
full growth, it has a tendency to suffer from decay. Aspens are
known for seeding and thriving in places where fires have been.
Furniture parts (drawer sides), doors,
mouldings, picture frames, millwork, toys, kitchen utensils, food
containers, baskets and matchsticks. Important specialized uses
include sauna laths because of its low conductivity of heat, and
Relative Abundance Together, aspen, basswood, cottonwood, elm, gum,
hackberry, sassafras, sycamore and willow represent 12.5 percent
of commercially available U.S. hardwoods.
Did You Know?
Chopsticks and excelsior (the packing material) often are made of
Sapwood is white, blending into the light brown heartwood. The contrast
between sap and heartwood is small. The wood has a fine uniform
texture and is straight-grained.
Aspen does not split when nailed, it machines easily with a slightly
fuzzy surface, and turns, bores, and sands well. It takes paint
and stain well to produce a good finish although care is required
where the surface is fuzzy. It has low to moderate shrinkage and
good dimensional stability. Aspen is a true poplar, and therefore
has similar characteristics and properties to cottonwood.
The wood is light and soft, with low bending strength and stiffness,
and medium shock resistance. It has a very low bending classification.